Functional training has become a buzzword in the fitness world recently. With its roots in rehabilitation, it's a method that has been adopted by personal trainers and fitness enthusiasts for its benefits in improving everyday movements, athletic performance, and general fitness.
The origins of functional training
Functional training has its roots in physical therapy. Therapists would design exercises to help injured patients regain function in specific movements or tasks they struggled with. This could range from simple tasks such as picking up a heavy object from the floor to complex movements like throwing a ball.
As functional training started to gain popularity in the fitness industry, trainers began to see the advantages of this form of training for the general population. They realized that functional training can be used not only for rehabilitation but also for enhancing performance and preventing injuries.
Evolution and development of functional training techniques
Over time, the techniques used in functional training have evolved and diversified. Here's a look at some of the influential developments in functional training techniques over the years:
Integration of Tools: Traditional fitness equipment like barbells and dumbbells were not designed with functional movements in mind. The introduction of tools like kettlebells, stability balls, and TRX Suspension Trainers has allowed for a greater range of functional exercises.
Cross-Training: The concept of cross-training, or combining different forms of exercise in one workout, has become a key part of functional training. This helps to ensure a balanced workout that enhances overall fitness.
High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT): The incorporation of HIIT into functional training programs allows for an increase in cardiovascular fitness while still focusing on functional movements.
Functional training vs traditional training
The rise of functional training has led to a shift in the fitness industry. Traditional weightlifting and bodybuilding exercises focus on isolated muscle groups, while functional training focuses on training movements rather than muscles. Here's a comparison of the two:
| | Traditional Training | Functional Training |
| --- | --- | --- |
| Focus | Isolated muscle groups | Movements and patterns |
| Purpose | Muscle size and aesthetics | Performance and function |
| Benefits | Muscular hypertrophy, Strength | Improved daily movements, Injury prevention, Enhanced athletic performance |
The impact of functional training on fitness
Functional training has had a significant impact on the fitness industry. It has shifted the focus from aesthetics to performance and function. Athletes and fitness enthusiasts are now more interested in how their bodies can perform, not just how they look. The benefits of functional training include improved balance, stability, strength, and mobility, making everyday activities easier and improving athletic performance.
The future of functional training
The future of functional training looks promising. With the continued innovation in training techniques and equipment, along with a greater emphasis on individualized training programs, functional training is likely to continue evolving and influencing the fitness industry.